Improved conditions in Vietnam’s coastal resorts
Ru Ri dumpsite, operating at full capacity, was singled out by the Vietnamese government as an environmental “hotspot”.
As an uncontrolled landfill Ru Ri exhibited most of the problems that are endemic at similar unsanitary sites: uncovered or poorly covered waste; uncontrolled leachate generation and pollution of downstream watercourses; uncompacted waste mass and stability problems; landfill fires; and waste pickers scavenging the site without any protection for their health or safety.
Severely polluted urban rivers
Environmental sanitation has been an important target for improvement in Vietnam. Most solid waste is disposed of in dumps, with few sanitary landfills. While it is estimated that some 70 percent of the nation’s urban residents are served by solid waste collection systems, levels of service for the poor are significantly lower at between 10 percent and 20 percent. As a result, watercourses – especially in the big cities – are severely polluted by both liquid and solid wastes.
Three cities in focus
The Coastal Cities Environmental Sanitation Project was funded by a World Bank IDA loan and designed to bring substantial social benefits to the residents of three participating cities. An estimated 700 000 people in Nha Trang, Quy Nhon and Dong Hoi are now benefitting from improved environmental services that include wastewater collection and treatment, solid waste management and flood protection measures.
Four key components
The new infrastructure project consisted of four main components:
- drainage, flood control, sanitation and wastewater collection
- wastewater treatment plants
- solid waste management and new landfill sites in each of the cities
- strengthening and support for project implementation including capacity building for the utility companies that will assume responsibility for operating and managing the new assets once they have been completed.