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Policy Design

Regulatory Design for Energy Markets

For national and regional energy markets, ÅF has worked to promote policies for energy efficiency.

Advising governments and regulators on the design of wholesale and retail electricity markets, ÅF has developed tailor-made policies for promoting renewable energies and energy efficiency.

Internationally and regionally, we have assisted multilateral agencies and ministerial teams with defining the institutional and regulatory framework for the development of regional interconnection and cross-country trading initiatives.

We have also advised on developing the appropriate regulatory and contractual provisions for regulated activities.

Our Policy Design practice includes providing services related to policy as well as the regulatory and institutional issues arising from energy sector restructuring and new markets design. 

  • Energy sector restructuring and markets design
  • New regulatory and institutional frameworks
  • Restructuring process road maps
  • Wholesale markets design and regulation (market rules, balancing and settlement rules, ancillary services regulation)
  • Regional markets design
  • Trading arrangements and CBT (Cross Border Trading) regulation
  • Subsidy policies and implementation schemes
  • Rural electrification (regulatory and institutional issues)
  • Private sector participation processes design and implementation
  • Stranded assets regulation and assessment
  • Incentive-based schemes and efficiency targets
  • Drafting of PPAs, licenses, leases and other commercial instruments
  • Design of policies for renewables and decentralized generation
  • Promotion policies for energy efficiency
  • Promotion funds and agencies design
  • Design of green and white certificate markets.


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Elina Engman

Elina Engman

Head of Renewables and Energy Strategy